Posts Held Prof. Econ., Univ. Innsbruck, 1881-9; Civil servant, Austrian Ministry of Fin., 1889-1904; Minister of Fin., 1895, 1897, 1900; Prof. Econ., Univ. Vienna, 1904-14.
Degrees Graduate in Law, Univ. Vienna.
Publications Books: 1. Capital and Interest , 3 vols, eds. G. D. Huncke and H. F. Sennholz (1884-1912, 1959); 2. Gesammelte Schriften , 10 vols, ed. F. X. Weiss (1924-6); 3. Shorter Classics of Eugene von Bšhm-Bawerk (1881-1914, 1962).
Career One of the greatest figures of the Austrian school, who expanded and reworked Menger's marginal utility theory. His theory of interest, based on the `three reasons' for interest, was his major personal contribution. Other significant influences were ThŸnen and Rae, whose ideas on round about production he developed as an element of his capital theory. This aroused furious controversy with fellow economists, into which he entered enthusiastically, writing almost as much in defence of the theory as in its original formulation. Even today there is less than total agreement as to the meaning and significance of his theory of capital and interest. Bšhm-Bawerk's considerable polemical skills were further demonstrated by The Close of the Marxian System (1896), which remains one of the most powerful attacks on Marxist economics ever written. In his government service he participated in the introduction of a gold currency. His resignation as Minister of Finance came when military expenditure threatened to unbalance the budget.
Secondary Literature J. Schumpeter, `Eugen von Bšhm-Bawerk', in Ten Great Economists from Marx to Keynes (OUP, 1951); E. Kauder, `Bšhm-Bawerk, Eugen von', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 2; R. E. Kuenne, Eugene von Bšhm-Bawerk (Columbia Univ. Press, 1971).