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Bentham, J (1748.2.15-1832.6.6)

Birthplace London, England.
Post Held Private income.
Degrees BA, MA Univ. Oxford, 1763, 1766.
Offices Called to the bar, 1817.
Publications Books: 1. A Fragment on Government (1776, 1951); 2. An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1780, 1823, 1948); 3. Rationale of Judicial Evidence , 5 vols, ed. J. S. Mill (1827); 4. The Works of Jeremy Bentham , 11 vols., ed. J. Bowring (1838-43, 1962); 5. Jeremy Bentham's Economic Writings, 3 vols., ed. W. Stark (1952); 6. The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham, 36 vols., ed. J. Burns (1968-in progress).
Career Bentham is remembered both as a pioneer of social science and as a tireless advocate of administarative, legal and praliamentary reform. He found in the principle of utility, and in particular in his notorious `felicific calculus', an exact standard by which questions of reform could be settled. The reforms he pressed for were directed towards his four ends of good government: subsistence, abundance, security and equality. He interpreted the economics of Adam Smith in the light of the search for abundance and advocated a state which provided guaranteed employment, minimum wages and a variety of social benefits. Much of his influence on ideas and legistation was through a small but enthusiastic circle of pupils and disciples, amongst whom were many economists, including Ricardo, and James and John Stuart Mill. Only a small portion of his vast literary output was publisched in his own lifetime, and a complete edition of his works projected in 36 volumes is still in preparation. Even his strictly economic writings, a small part of the whole, contain many remarkable contributions that have only come to be properly apprecitated in recent times.
Secondary Literature M. P. Mack, `Bentham, Jeremy', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 2.



Defence of Usury (1787) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Defence of Usury (1787) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Defence of Usury (1787) (unimelb.edu.au)
Principles of Morals and Legislation (Chapters 1-4) (1781) (utm.edu)
Offences Against One's Self (1785; unpublished) (columbia.edu) First published in the 1978 summer and fall issues of Journal of Homosexuality, v.3:4 & v.4:1, 1978
Truth versus Ashhurst; or, law as it is, contrasted with what it is said to be (1792) (law.mq.edu.au) In The Works of Jeremy Bentham, published under the superintendence of his executor, John Bowring, vol. V (Edinburgh, Tait; London, Simpkin, Marshall; 1843), pages 231-237. This site also has two files in Word97 and RTF format. Thanks to Iain Stewart.

Other Information
blueball Bentham Collection (chuo-u.ac.jp) (in Japanese)
Published Works of Jeremy Bentham (socserv2.mcmaster.ca.)
Published Works of Jeremy Bentham (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Published Works of Jeremy Bentham (unimelb.edu.au)
THE BENTHAM PROJECT (ucl.ac.uk) University College London


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