Photo by McMaster University, Canada
Berkeley, G (1685.3.12-1753.1.14)

 イギリス(アイルランド)の哲学者。ダブリンのトリニティ・カレッジに学び (1700-07),つづいて研究生,指導員をつとめ (13まで),その間に主著『人間知識の原理』Principles of human knowledge, 1710を発表,『ハイラスとフィロナウスとの三つの対話』Three dialogues between Hylas and Philonous, 1713を完成。ついでロンドンに出,フランス及びイタリアに遊ぶ。帰国後,一時母校に戻ったが (21),聖職に志しデリー (Derry)の副監督になった (24)。アメリカ布教とバミューダに大学建設を計画してアメリカへ赴いたが (28-32)事志と違い,帰国後は再び著作に従事,クロイン (Cloyne)の監督となり (34),聖職の傍ら社会改良や宗教問題を論じた。病のためオクスフォードに隠棲し,翌年没。彼の思想の特色は,ロックの認識論における経験論を観念論の方向へ進め,更に唯心論及び有神論に到達した点にある。彼も知識の素材を観念に求めるが,一般的抽象的観念の存在を否定し,個々の具体的観念のみが実在するとし,そして観念作用する精神の実在性は認めるが,事物はこの精神によって初めて実在すると考えた。「存在とは知覚されること (esse est percipi)」。したがってロックの区別した「第一」「第二」の物性は,すべて主観的な「第二性質」に数えられる。しかし精神から独立な秩序の存在は,神の存在とその世界支配に関する形而上学的考察への道を開くという。[主著]前記のほか:Essay towards a new theory of vision, 1709; Alciphron, or the minute philosopher, 1732; Siris, 1744. [全集]A. C. Fraser編,4巻,1871;新版1901.[文献]A. C. Fraser: Berkeley, 1881.(岩)


A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) (Univ. of Idaho)
A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) (cybercom.net)
A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) (scf.usc.edu)
A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) (ilt.columbia.edu)
A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) (gopher.vt.edu)
A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) (humanum.arts.cuhk.hk)
A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (maths.tcd.ie)
A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (knuten.liu.se)
A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (utm.edu)
Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous (1713) (utm.edu)
The Analyst (1734) (maths.tcd.ie) versions in HTML, LaTex, PostScript
The Analyst (1734) (knuten.liu.se)
The Querist Containing several Queries Proposed to the Consideration of the Public (1735-37) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Querist Containing several Queries Proposed to the Consideration of the Public (1735-37) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Querist Containing several Queries Proposed to the Consideration of the Public (1735-37) (unimelb.edu.au)
A Defence of Free-Thinking in Mathematics (maths.tcd.ie) versions in HTML, LaTex, PostScript
Reasons for not replying to Mr. Walton's Full Answer (maths.tcd.ie) versions in HTML, LaTex, PostScript

Other Information
An Account of the Life of George Berkeley, D. D., Late Bishop of Cloyne in Ireland, by Joseph Stock (1776) (maths.tcd.ie)
Geometry No Freind to Infidelity, or, A Defence of Sir Isaac Newton and the Britisch Mathematicians, by James Jurin (maths.tcd.ie) versions in HTML, LaTex, DVI, PostScript
The Pre-History of Cognitive Science (humanitas.ucsb.edu)

Other Images
humanum.arts.cuhk.hk (40K)
University of St. Andrews (dcs.st-andrews.ac.uk)
Link&oulm;ping University (dcs.st-andrews.ac.uk) maintained by Bjöm Christensson

Another Berkeley Pages
Berkeley Studies (easyweb.easynet.co.uk) maintained by Peter B. Lloyd. This page is for the information of Berkeley. Thanks to him.
The History of Mathematics Home Page (maths.tcd.ie) maintained by D. R. Wilkins. This page has many useful information about Berkeley and put a link to my page. Thanks to him.
History of Mathematics Home Page (aleph0.clarku.edu) maintained by David E. Joyce
Mac Tutor History of Mathematics (dcs.st-andrews.ac.uk)
Linköping University (knuten.liu.se) maintained by Bjöm Christensson
Thinknet Philosophers Guide (server.snni.com)
Published Works of George Berkeley (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Published Works of George Berkeley (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Published Works of George Berkeley (unimelb.edu.au)


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