Condillac, E. B. De (1715.9.30-80.8.3)
Birthplace Grenoble, France.
Posts Held Private income; Tutor, Duke of Parma, 1758-67.
Publications Books: 1. La commerce et le gouvernement considérés relativement l'un à l'autre (1776); 2. Oeuvres philosophique de Condillac , 3 vols, ed, G Le Roy (1947-51)
Career Pholosopher, educationalist and economist. His philosophical work was based on Locke and Newton, preferring relaiance on observation and experience to Descartes' emphasis on fixed principles. His educational work arose from his tutorship of the young Duke of Parma for whom he prepared a systematic course of study. His economic writings were neglected in his own time. He stressed the economic interdependence of all occupations and classes, the role ot national and internationala markets, and the significance of competition and the price system when not impaired by monopoly and other restrictions on trade. All this expressed in the simplest terms he could achieve. He was rediscovered by the late nineteenth-century utility theorists as a forerunner.
Secondary Literature J. J. Spengler, `Condillac, Etienne Bonnot de', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 3.
Le Commerce et le gouvernement considéré relativement l'un à l'autre (1776) plus biographical note by Paulette Taieb (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
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