Birthplace Ribemont, Picardy, France.
Posts Held Ass. Secretary, French Académie des Siences, 1769; Inspecteur des Monnaies, 1774.
Offices and Honours Member, French Legislative Assembly and Convention; Member, Académie Française, 1782.
Publications Books: 1. Essai sur l'application de l'analyse a laa probabilité des décisions rendues a la pluralité des voix (1785); 2. Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind (1795, 1955); 3. Oeuvres, 12 vols eds. A. Condorcet, J. O'Connor and M. F. Arago (1847-9).
Career Distinguished as a writer, administrator and politician, he sought to combine mathematics and philosophy in his writings. Thus he applied the calculus of probabilities to social phenomena, including voting patterns. His social philosophy was one of progress, based on a programme of public education. His works include statistical descriptions of different societies and economic analysis, which moved somewhat beyond physiocratic theories to absorb current concepts of collective welfare. His association with the Girondins in the Convention directly led to his death in prison. His application of mathematics to social and economic questions was later taken up by Poisson and Cournot.
Secondary Literature G. G. Granger, `Condorcet', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 3; K. M. Baker, Condorcet: From Natural Philosophy to Social Mathematics (Univ. Chicago Press, 1975)