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George, H (1839.9.2-1897.10.29)

 アメリカの社会思想家。初等教育を終えて給仕,船員などになって各地を放浪したのち,カリフォルニアに住み(1857),印刷工,新聞通信員,出版業などをした。この間,同地の鉄道建設が土地の暴騰に伴って少数の富裕者と多数の貧困者を生むことを見て,この貧困の原因は土地私有による地主階級の不労所得にあるとし,社会改良の手段として土地に高率の単税を課すべきであるとの結論に達してパンフレットOur Land and Land Policy, 1871を出し,続いてその著『進歩と貧困』Progress and Poverty, 1879で一層詳細にこれを主張し,内外に多大の反響を呼んだ。ニューヨークに移り(80),専ら執筆と講演によって社会改良の主張を続け,イギリスにも度々渡り(81-82; 83-84; 88-89),同国社会改良運動に寄与するとともにフェビアン協会の創立も彼の影響をうけること大であった。ニューヨーク市長選挙に立候補し(86; 97),2度目の選挙戦中に病死した。[主著]前記のほか:The Irish Land Question, 1881; Social Problems, 1884; Protection and Free Trade, 1886; Science of Political Economy, 1897. (岩)


PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER I THE GREAT ENIGMA OF OUR TIMES) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 2 THE IMPORTANCE OF DEFINING TERMS & CHAPTER 3 WAGES AND CAPITAL) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 4 THE SOURCE OF WAGES & CHAPTER 5 THE FUNCTIONS OF CAPITAL) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 6 POPULATION AND SUBSISTENCE) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 7 THE DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH & CHAPTER 8 THE LAW OF RENT) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 9 THE LAW OF WAGES & CHAPTER 10 INTEREST ON CAPITAL) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 11 THE EFFECT OF MATERIAL PROGRESS ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH & CHAPTER 12 THE UNBOUNDED SAVANNAH) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 13 THE PRIMARY CAUSE OF INDUSTRIAL DEPRESSIONS & CHAPTER 14 THE PERSISTENCE OF POVERTY AMIDST ADVANCING WEALTH) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 15 EXAMINATION OF SOME PROPOSED REMEDIES & CHAPTER 16 THE ENIGMA RESOLVED - THE FIRST GREAT REFORM) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 17 THE PROPOSITION TRIED BY THE CANONS OF TAXATION & CHAPTER 18 ENDORSEMENTS AND OBJECTIONS) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 19 PROPERTY IN LAND HISTORICALLY CONSIDERED & CHAPTER 20 THE RIGHTFUL BASIS OF PROPERTY) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 21 CLAIM OF LANDOWNERS TO COMPENSATION) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 22 CHANGES WROUGHT IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL LIFE & CHAPTER 23 THE MASTER MOTIVE OF HUMAN ACTION) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 24 THE LAW OF HUMAN PROGRESS) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 25 HOW MODERN CIVILIZATION MAY DECLINE & CHAPTER 26 THE CALL OF LIBERTY) The Henry George Institute
PROGRESS AND POVERTY (henrygeorge.org) (CHAPTER 27 CONCLUSION) The Henry George Institute

Other Information
The Henry George Institute (henrygeorge.org)
The Council of Georgist Organizations (progress.org)
Henry George Foundation (zip.com.au) New South Wales, Australia
The Georgist Remedy (multiline.com.au)
Robert Schalkenbach Foundation (progress.org) Publishers of Henry George
Henry George Papers,1840s-1950 (nypl.org) The New York Public Library
Henry George Foundation of America (smart.net)


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