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Hegel, G. W. F (1770.8.27-1831.11.14)

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770-1831, German philosopher. His all-embracing philosophical system, set forth in such works as Phenomenology of Mind (1807), Science of Logic (1812-16), and Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1817), includes theories of ethics, aesthetics, history, politics, and religion. At the center of the universe Hegel posited an enveloping absolute spirit that guides all reality, including human reason. His absolute idealism envisages a world-soul, evident throughout history, that develops from, and is known through, a process of change and progress now known universally as the Hegelian dialectic. According to its laws, one concept (thesis) inevitably generates its opposite (antithesis); their interaction leads to a new concept (synthesis), which in turn becomes the thesis of a new triad. Thus philosophy enables human beings to comprehend the historical unfolding of the absolute. Hegel's application of the dialectic to the concept of conflict of cultures stimulated historical analysis and, in the political arena, made him a hero to those working for a unified Germany. He was a major influence on subsequent idealist thinkers and on such philosophers as Kierkegaard and Sartre; perhaps his most far-reaching effect was his influence on Karl Marx, who substituted materialism for idealism in his formulation of dialectical materialism. (From the Concise Columbia Encyclopedia. Copyright © 1991 by Columbia University Press.) ILTweb (ilt.columbia.edu)


Table of Contents of the Science of Logic (werple.net.au)
Introduction to the Shorter Logic (werple.net.au) [full text] From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logic)
Preliminary Chapters (werple.net.au) [excerpts] From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logic)
The last part of chapter VI, The Logic further Defined and Divided (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logic)
The First Subdivision of Logic: Being (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logig)
A: Existence (werple.net.au) The Second Subdivision of Logic: Essence
B: Appearance (werple.net.au) The Second Subdivision of Logic: Essence
C: Actuality (werple.net.au) The Second Subdivision of Logic: Essence
A: The Subjective Notion (werple.net.au) The Third Subdivision of Logic: The Notion
B: The Object (werple.net.au) The Third Subdivision of Logic: The Notion
C: The Idea (werple.net.au) The Third Subdivision of Logic: The Notion
Book I. Being (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book II. Essence (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III, The Notion in General (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III, The Idea (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III The Idea of the Good (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III, The Absolute Idea (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Introduction to the Lectures on the Philosophy of History (1840 edition) (wsu.edu)
The Phenomenology of Mind (1807) (ets.uidaho.edu) Translated by T. M. Knox
Philosophy of Right (1821) (ets.uidaho.edu) Translated by J. B. Baillie
(Shorter) LOGIC (Being Part One of The Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Science [1830]) (alphalink.com.au) [164K ZIP WORD6] Not complete
The Science of Logic (1830) (ets.uidaho.edu) Being Part One of the Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (abridged). Translated by William Wallace
THE SCIENCE OF LOGIC (1812) (alphalink.com.au) [120K ZIP WORD6] Not complete
HEGEL'S HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY: DESCARTES TO SCHELLING (alphalink.com.au) [48K ZIP TXT]
Lecture Series-INCLUDES MATERIAL ON SCHOPENHAUER, HEGEL, MARX, FEUERBACH, KIERKEGAARD, NIETZSCHE, AND DOSTOEVSKY (alphalink.com.au) [62K ZIP HTML]

German Texts
Phänomenologie des Geistes (1807) (gutenberg.aol.de)

Reference Texts
Annotations made by Lenin in reading Hegel's Science of Logic, Book I (Being) (werple.net.au) from Lenin's Collected Works Vol. 38 pp87 - 128
Annotations made by Lenin in reading Book II (Essence) (werple.net.au) from Lenin's Collected Works Vol. 38 pp129 - 164
Annotations made by Lenin in reading Book III (The Notion) (werple.net.au) from Lenin's Collected Works Vol. 38 pp165 - 238
Lenin's Conspectus of the Shorter Logic - with Table of Contents of Shorter Logic, - all from Lenin's Philosophical Notebooks. (werple.net.au) from LCW Vol 38, p317 - 320
Biography of Hegel (werple.net.au)
Hegel for Beginners (werple.net.au) Excerpt from Hegel FOR BEGINNERS by Lloyd Spencer and Andrzej Krauze
Summary of Hegel's Philosophy of Mind (hss.cmu.edu) Paul Trejo, August 1993
Was Hegel Christian or Atheist? (hss.cmu.edu) Paul Trejo

Other Information
Hegel by HyperText. (werple.net.au) Great site about Hegel and dialectics!
Hegel's Page (usrealestate.com)
Björn's Guide to Philosophy (knuten.liu.se) Thanks to Björn Christensseon
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Discussion Group (bates.edu)
Public Sphere Philosophical Resource Centre (alphalink.com.au)
The Hegel Society of America (hegel.org)
Safe Haven (ultranet.com)

Other Images
humanum.arts.cuhk.hk
Projekt Gutenberg-DE (gutenberg.aol.de)
J. Carl Mickelsen's Web site (ets.uidaho.edu)


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