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Hegel, G. W. F (1770.8.27-1831.11.14)

 ドイツの哲学者。チュービンゲン大学に学び (1788),哲学 (90まで),神学 (93まで)を研究,ヘルデルリーン,シェリングとの交友により啓発され,またカントに始まる新たな哲学運動,フランス革命,古典ギリシャ研究等から多大の影響を受けた。家庭教師 (93-1800),シェリングの推挙でイェナ大学講師となり (01),共同してDas Kritische Journal fuer Philosophie (1802-03)誌を編集し,カント,フィヒテ,ヤコービを批判する数篇の論文を書き,また後年の体系の基となった論理学,形而上学,自然哲学,倫理に関する講義案を残した。シェリングがイェナを去ってから (03),漸く独自の思想が成熟し,『精神現象学』Phaenomenologie des Geistes , 1807を公にした。その間助教授となったが,ナポレオン戦争のため生計を維持する途なく辞任,バンベルクの新聞編集者,ニュルンベルクのギムナジウムの校長 (08)となる。Wissenschaft der Logik , 1812-16を刊行。ハイデルベルク大学教授 (16),Enzyklopaedie der philosophischen Wissenschaften , 1817; 3. Auflage 1830を書く。ベルリン大学へ招かれ (18),『法の哲学』Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts , 1821を公にした。ベルリン時代に,彼の哲学は時代の勢力までになったが,コレラのため急逝。Jahrbuch fuer Wissenschaftliche Kritik , 1827-47は彼の指導の下に生まれ,没後はヘーゲル主義の機関誌であった。彼の哲学は,史上最も包括的な体系である。彼に従えば相対の世界は,自己に対するものの存在する世界であり,従って矛盾を蔵し,常に運動,生成する。生成はこの自己矛盾を止揚し,一層高い段階に至って自己安定に達せんとする。しかしこの運動は無限進行ではなく,一切の相対の段階が経過されたとき,絶対精神が開顕される。しかし絶対者は静止的実体たることができず,一切の相対を内に包む生ける主体である。この運動は,理性並びに実在の一切に通じ,その理法が弁証法である。弁証法そのものを取扱う論理学は,哲学の立場,絶対知に立ってなされるが,絶対知成立の論証が先行せねばならぬ。精神現象学が哲学体系の前段階として必要な所以である。かくて論理学で確立された方法を以て,自然および精神(主観的,客観的,絶対的)のあらゆる部門について一貫した体系がたてられた。彼の全集の大半は遺稿で,講義ノートを弟子達が整理したものである。[全集]19巻,1840-87; G. LassonおよびJ. Hoffmeister共編,32巻の予定,1905来(未完); H. Clockner編,26巻,1927-40.[文献]K. Fischer: Hegel, 2巻,1909-11; G. Lasson: H. als Geschichtsphilosoph, 1920; H. Glockner, 2巻,1929-40.(岩)


Table of Contents of the Science of Logic (werple.net.au)
Introduction to the Shorter Logic (werple.net.au) [full text] From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logic)
Preliminary Chapters (werple.net.au) [excerpts] From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logic)
The last part of chapter VI, The Logic further Defined and Divided (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logig)
The First Subdivision of Logic: Being (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logig)
A: Existence (werple.net.au) The Second Subdivision of Logic: Essence
B: Appearance (werple.net.au) The Second Subdivision of Logic: Essence
C: Actuality (werple.net.au) The Second Subdivision of Logic: Essence
A: The Subjective Notion (werple.net.au) The Third Subdivision of Logic: The Notion
B: The Object (werple.net.au) The Third Subdivision of Logic: The Notion
C: The Idea (werple.net.au) The Third Subdivision of Logic: The Notion
Book I. Being (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book II. Essence (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III, The Notion in General (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III, The Idea (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III The Idea of the Good (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III, The Absolute Idea (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Introduction to the Lectures on the Philosophy of History (1840 edition) (wsu.edu)

Reference Texts
Table of Contents of the Science of Logic (werple.net.au)
Introduction to the Shorter Logic (werple.net.au) [full text] From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logic)
Preliminary Chapters (werple.net.au) [excerpts] From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logic)
The last part of chapter VI, The Logic further Defined and Divided (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logic)
The First Subdivision of Logic: Being (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Logic (or The Shorter Logig)
A: Existence (werple.net.au) The Second Subdivision of Logic: Essence
B: Appearance (werple.net.au) The Second Subdivision of Logic: Essence
C: Actuality (werple.net.au) The Second Subdivision of Logic: Essence
A: The Subjective Notion (werple.net.au) The Third Subdivision of Logic: The Notion
B: The Object (werple.net.au) The Third Subdivision of Logic: The Notion
C: The Idea (werple.net.au) The Third Subdivision of Logic: The Notion
Book I. Being (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book II. Essence (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III, The Notion in General (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III, The Idea (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III The Idea of the Good (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Book III, The Absolute Idea (werple.net.au) From Hegel's Science of Logic
Introduction to the Lectures on the Philosophy of History (1840 edition) (wsu.edu)
The Phenomenology of Mind (1807) (ets.uidaho.edu) Translated by T. M. Knox
Philosophy of Right (1821) (ets.uidaho.edu) Translated by J. B. Baillie
(Shorter) LOGIC (Being Part One of The Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Science [1830]) (alphalink.com.au) [164K ZIP WORD6] Not complete
The Science of Logic (1830) (ets.uidaho.edu) Being Part One of the Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (abridged). Translated by William Wallace
THE SCIENCE OF LOGIC (1812) (alphalink.com.au) [120K ZIP WORD6] Not complete
HEGEL'S HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY: DESCARTES TO SCHELLING (alphalink.com.au) [48K ZIP TXT]
Lecture Series-INCLUDES MATERIAL ON SCHOPENHAUER, HEGEL, MARX, FEUERBACH, KIERKEGAARD, NIETZSCHE, AND DOSTOEVSKY (alphalink.com.au) [62K ZIP HTML]

German Texts
Phänomenologie des Geistes (1807) (gutenberg.aol.de)

Reference Texts
Annotations made by Lenin in reading Hegel's Science of Logic, Book I (Being) (werple.net.au) from Lenin's Collected Works Vol. 38 pp87 - 128
Annotations made by Lenin in reading Book II (Essence) (werple.net.au) from Lenin's Collected Works Vol. 38 pp129 - 164
Annotations made by Lenin in reading Book III (The Notion) (werple.net.au) from Lenin's Collected Works Vol. 38 pp165 - 238
Lenin's Conspectus of the Shorter Logic - with Table of Contents of Shorter Logic, - all from Lenin's Philosophical Notebooks. (werple.net.au) from LCW Vol 38, p317 - 320
Biography of Hegel (werple.net.au)
Hegel for Beginners (werple.net.au) Excerpt from Hegel FOR BEGINNERS by Lloyd Spencer and Andrzej Krauze
Summary of Hegel's Philosophy of Mind (hss.cmu.edu) Paul Trejo, August 1993
Was Hegel Christian or Atheist? (hss.cmu.edu) Paul Trejo

Other Information
Hegel by HyperText. (werple.net.au) Great site about Hegel and dialectics!
Hegel's Page (usrealestate.com)
Björn's Guide to Philosophy (knuten.liu.se) Thanks to Björn Christensseon
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Discussion Group (bates.edu)
Public Sphere Philosophical Resource Centre (alphalink.com.au)
The Hegel Society of America (hegel.org)
Safe Haven (ultranet.com)

Other Images
humanum.arts.cuhk.hk
Projekt Gutenberg-DE (gutenberg.aol.de)
J. Carl Mickelsen's Web site (ets.uidaho.edu)


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