Hobbes, T (1588.4.5-1679.12.4)
Hobbes, Thomas, 1588-1679, English philosopher. Hobbes developed a materialist and highly pessimistic philosophy that was denounced in his own day and later, but has had a continuing influence on Western political thought. His Leviathan (1651) presents a bleak picture of human beings in the state of nature, where life is "nasty, brutish, and short." Fear of violent death is the principal motive that causes people to create a state by contracting to surrender their natural rights and to submit to the absolute authority of a sovereign. Although the power of the sovereign derived originally from the people, Hobbes said-challenging the doctrine of the divine right of kings-the sovereign's power is absolute and not subject to review by either subjects or ecclesiastical powers. Hobbes's concept of the social contract led to investigations by other political theorists, notably John Locke, Spinoza, and J.J. Rousseau, who formulated their own radically different theories of the social contract. (From the Concise Columbia Encyclopedia. Copyright © 1991 by Columbia University Press.) ILTweb (ilt.columbia.edu)


Leviathan (Univ.of Idaho)
Leviathan (tamu.edu)
Leviathan (humanum.arts.cuhk.hk)
Leviathan, or, The matter, form, & power of a common-wealth, ecclesiastical and civil (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Seven Philosophical Problems (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Proportion of a Straight Line to Half the Arc of a Quadrant (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Philosophical rudiments concerning government and society (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Atigmai, Ageometrias, Agroikias, Antipoliteias, Amatheias, or, Marks of the absurd geometry, rural language, Scottish church politics, and barbarisms of John Wallis, Professor of Geometry and Doctor of Divinity (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Decameron physiologicum, or, Ten dialofues of natural philosophy; to which is added The proportion of a straight line to half the arc of a quadrant (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
The answer of Mr. Hobbes to Sir William Davenant's Preface before Gondibert (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Letters and Other Pieces (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Three Papers Presented to the Royal Society against Dr. Wallis. Together with Considerations on Dr. Wallis's Answer to Them (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Behemoth : the history of the causes of the Civil Wars of England, and of the counsels and artifices by which they were carried on from the year 1640 to the year 1660 (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Letter to the Right Honourable Edward Howard (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Considerations on the Answer of Dr. Wallis (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
The elements of law (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
The elements of law Natural and Politic (1640) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The elements of law Natural and Politic (1640) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The elements of law Natural and Politic (1640) (unimelb.edu.au)
Dialogue between a Philosopher and a Student of the Common Laws of England (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
The art of rhetoric, plainly set forth with pertinent examplesfor the more easy understanding and practice of the same (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Considerations upon the reputation, loyalty (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
An Historical Narration concerning Heresy, and the Punishment thereof (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Six Lessons to the Savilian Professor of the Mathematics (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
An Answer to Bishop Bramhall's book, called "The catching of the Leviathan" (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
The Art of Sophistry (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
The Whole Art of Rhetoric (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
The questions concerning liberty, necessity, and chance, clearly stated and debated between Dr. Bramhall, Bishop of Derry, and Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Of liberty and necessity (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
Elements of philosophy (virginia.edu) due to licensing requirements
De Cive : Liverty (1651) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
De Cive : Liverty (1651) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
De Cive : Liverty (1651) (unimelb.edu.au)
De Cive : Dominion (1651) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
De Cive : Dominion (1651) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
De Cive : Dominion (1651) (unimelb.edu.au)
De Cive : Religion (1651) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
De Cive : Religion (1651) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
De Cive : Religion (1651) (unimelb.edu.au)
The Elements of Law Natural and Politic (1651) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Elements of Law Natural and Politic (1651) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Elements of Law Natural and Politic (1651) (unimelb.edu.au)

Online Hobbes
Online Bibliography (ritsumei.ac.jp) Source: (1)Hugh Macdonald and Mary Hargreaves, Thomas Hobbes: A Bibliography, London: The Bibliogaphical Society, 1952. (2)Charles H. Hinnant, Thomas Hobbes: A reference guide, Boston, MASS: G.K.Hall & CO., 1980. (3)Hobbes Studies, Vols.I (1987)-, Van Gorcum-Assen-The Netherlands.
Online Index of Hobbes (ritsumei.ac.jp) Works of Hobbes: (1)Elements of Law, (2)De Cive (English), (3)Leviathan.
Contents of THE WESTMINSTER REVIEW (ritsumei.ac.jp) Vol.1 (1824), Vol.2 (1824), Vol.3 (1825), Vol.4 (1825) , Vol.5 (1826), Vol.6 (1826), Vol.7 (1827), Vol.8 (1827), Vol.9 (1828), Vol.10 (1829), Vol.11 (1829), Vol.12 (1830), Vol.13 (1830). [PDF format]

Other Information
Hobbes' Page (usrealestate.com)
Safe Haven (usrealestate.com)

Reference Text
John Aubreym, A Brief Life of Thomas Hobbes, 1588-1679 (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
John Aubreym, A Brief Life of Thomas Hobbes, 1588-1679 (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
John Aubreym, A Brief Life of Thomas Hobbes, 1588-1679 (unimelb.edu.au)
The Pre-History of Cognitive Science (humanitas.ucsb.edu)

Other Images
humanum.arts.cuhk.hk (75K) (humanum.arts.cuhk.hk)
Leviathan (28K) (nlx.com)


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