Photo by The Marx/Engels Internet Archive
Luxemburg, R (1870.3.5-1919.1.15)

Birthplace Zamosc, Russia.
Post Held Polit. Leader, German Social Democratic Party; Lect., Party School, Berlin, 1907-.
Degrees Dr Univ. Zürich, 1898.
Publications Books: 1. Die Industrielle Entwicklung Polens (1898); 2. The Accumulation of Capital (1913, 1951); 3. Gesammelte Werke, vols 3, 4 and 6 only (1922-8); 4. Ausgewählte Reden und Schriften, 2 vols (1951).
Career A founder of the Social Democratic Party of Poland, the leader of the Left Wing of the German Social Democrats and a prominent Marxist economic theoretician. In Accumulation of Capital she argued that capitalism must expand into underdeveloped countries and non-capitalist areas because of an inherent insufficiency of aggregate demand. In this way capitalism is an essential cause of the international tensions and instabilities that characterise the modern world. She was murdered whilst in military custody during the 1919 German Revolution.
Secondary Literature J. P. Nettle, Rosa Luxemburg, 2 vols (OUP, 1966); T. Dowalik, `Luxemburg, Rosa', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 9.


Martinique (1902) (marx.org)
Rosa Luxemburg and Mass Action (1911) (marx.org)
The Junius Pamphlet (1916) (marx.org)
The Socialisation of Society (1918) (marx.org)

German Texts
Zum Schema der Erweiterten Reproduktion von K. Marx (glasnost.de) Gesammelte Werke, Bd. 5, S. 363 - 365, Dietz Verlag Berlin 1975
Über die bürgerliche Gesetzlichkeit (glasnost.de) Ges. Werke, Bd. 1/2, S. 242
Die Ordnung herrscht in Berlin (aol.com) Januar 1919; Quelle: Politische Schriften, Band 2 Europäische Verlagsanstalt, Frankfurt a. Main, 1975 Seite 203 - 209
Die russische Revolution (aol.com) Veröffentlicht 1922; Quelle: Politische Schriften, Band 3, Europäische Verlagsanstalt, Frankfurt a. Main, 1968, Seite 106- 141
Die russische Revolution (glasnost.de) Veröffentlicht 1922; Quelle: Politische Schriften, Band 3, Europäische Verlagsanstalt, Frankfurt a. Main, 1968, Seite 106- 141


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