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Malthus, T. R (1766.2.17-1834.12.13)

Birthplace Surrey, England.
Posts Held Clergyman, 1797-1834; Prof. Polit. Econ., E. India Coll., Haileybury, 1805-34.
Degrees BA Univ. Camb., 1788.
Offices Fellow, Jesus Coll., Camb., 1793.
Publications Books: 1. An Essay on the Principle of Population (1798, 1976); 2. An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent (1815, 1970); 3. Principles of Political Economy (1820, 1834, 1964); 4. Definitions in Political Economy (1827, 1963); 5. Five Papers on Political Economy by T. R. Malthus , ed. C. Renwick (1953); 6. Occasional Papers of T. R. Malthus , ed. B. Semmel (1963); 7. Travel Diaries of T. R. Malthus , ed. P. James (1966).
Career His Essay ... was conceived as a reply to the optimistic view of society put forward by Godwin, Condorcet and others. The essential argument that population growth can and will outstrip the food supply has led to `Malthusian' entering the language to express this and related concepts. The Essay in its first edition was a closely-argued tract of 50,000 words, but in its second (1803) and subsequent editions Malthus added a great deal of extra material from his reading and travels, devoloping it into a full-scale demographic treatise. In his Principles ... he revealed the differences with Ricardo on questions of theory which had already been closely examined in their private correspondence with each other. His stress on the inacequacy of aggregate demand, the theory of `general gluts', is his chief devergence from Ricardo. This first received a sympathetic reception in the twentieth century, largely as a result of Keynes's favourable comments. Such was Malthus's fame in his own lifetime, and indeed throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, that he may well be described as the most famous social scientist that ever lived.
Secondary Literature J. M. Keynes, Essay in Biography (Macmilllan, 1933, 1972); D. V. Glass, ed., Introduction to Malthus (Watts, 1953); G. F. McCleary, The Malthusian Population Theory (Faber & Faber, 1953); M. Blaug, `Malthus, Thomas Robert', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 9; P. James, Population Malthus: His Life and Times (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979).


The Grounds of an Opinion on the Policy of Restricting the Importation of Foreign Corn : intended as an Appendix to (1815) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Grounds of an Opinion on the Policy of Restricting the Importation of Foreign Corn : intended as an Appendix to (1815) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Grounds of an Opinion on the Policy of Restricting the Importation of Foreign Corn : intended as an Appendix to (1815) (unimelb.edu.au)
The Grounds of an Opinion on the Policy of Restricting the Importation of Foreign Corn : intended as an Appendix to (1815) (yale.edu)
An Essay on the Principle of Population, as it Affects the Future Improvement of Society with Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers (1798) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
An Essay on the Principle of Population, as it Affects the Future Improvement of Society with Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers (1798) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
An Essay on the Principle of Population, as it Affects the Future Improvement of Society with Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers (1798) (unimelb.edu.au)
An Investigation of the Couse of the Present High Price of Provisions (1800) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
An Investigation of the Couse of the Present High Price of Provisions (1800) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
An Investigation of the Couse of the Present High Price of Provisions (1800) (unimelb.edu.au)
An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent, and the Principles by which it is regulated (1815) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent, and the Principles by which it is regulated (1815) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent, and the Principles by which it is regulated (1815) (unimelb.edu.au)
An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent, and the Principles by which it is regulated (1815) (yale.edu)
Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws, and of a Rise or Fall in the Price of Corn on the Agriculture and General Wealth of the Country (1814) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws, and of a Rise or Fall in the Price of Corn on the Agriculture and General Wealth of the Country (1814) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws, and of a Rise or Fall in the Price of Corn on the Agriculture and General Wealth of the Country (1814) (unimelb.edu.au)
Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws, and of a Rise or Fall in the Price of Corn on the Agriculture and General Wealth of the Country (1814) (yale.edu)

Other Resource
Bibliography of works about R. Malthus (Augustana.AB.CA)

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Hall of Economists (wiso.uni-erlangen.de)
Portraits of Well-known Economists (econ.duke.edu) Duke University


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