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Marshall, A (1842.7.26-1924.7.13)

Birthplace London, England.
Posts Held Fellow, St John's Coll. Camb., 1865-77, 1885-1908; Principal, Univ. Coll., Bristol, 1877-82; Lect., Fellow, Balliol Coll. Oxford, 1883-4; Prof. Polit. Econ., Univ. Camb., 1885-1908.
Offices and Honours Fellow, BA; Vice-Pres., Royal Economic Society.
Publications Books: 1. The Economics of Industry (with M. P. Marshall), (1879); 2. Principles of Economic (1890), Ninth variorum edn. C. W. Guillebaud, 2 vols (1961); 3. Industry and Trade (1919); 4. Money Credit and Commerce (1923); 5. Official Papers (1926); 6. Early Economic Writings of Alfred Marshall, 1867-1890 , ed. J. K. Whitaker (1980).
Career The dominant figure in British economics of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, whose Principles ... still has the power to fascinate and excite the reader. Though he wrote infrequently, his teaching at Cambridge was a major source of influence on his contemporaries. An able mathematician, he sought to express himself in the simplest language possible, adding the mathematical and quantitative material as appendices and footnotes. His partial equilibrium anallysis -- the chief element of his method -- was designed to be appropriate to a dynamic or biological view of economic life. The chief achievement of the Principles is his working out of the economics of the stationary State. He claimed to have independently discovered the marginal utility theory, though typically he did not publish until he had fully integrated this into his system. His welfare economics was of central importance since his decision to take up economics originated in a moral purpose, and his general conclusion was that a redistribution of income from rich to poor would increase total satisfaction. Keynes was among his pupils and the `Keynesian revolution' can be seen as remaining within the Marshallian tradition.
Secondary Literature J. M. Keynes, `Alfred Marshall', in Essays in Biography (Macmillan, 1933, 1972); B. Corry, `Marshall, Alfred', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 10; D. P. O'Brien, `A. Marshall' Pioneers of Modern Economics in Britain , eds. D. P. O'Brien and J. R. Presley (Macmillan, 1981); Alfred Marshall: Critical Assessments , 4 vols, ed. J. C. Wood (Croom Helm, 1983).


The Principles of Economics (1890), Book One - Preliminary Survey (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book One - Preliminary Survey (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book One - Preliminary Survey (unimelb.edu.au)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Two - Some Fundamental Notions (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Two - Some Fundamental Notions (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Two - Some Fundamental Notions (unimelb.edu.au)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Three - Of Wants and Their Satisfaction (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Three - Of Wants and Their Satisfaction (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Three - Of Wants and Their Satisfaction (unimelb.edu.au)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Five - General Relations of Demand, Supply and Value (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Five - General Relations of Demand, Supply and Value (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Five - General Relations of Demand, Supply and Value (unimelb.edu.au)
On Rent (socsci.mcmaster.ca) Economic Journal, vol. 3, 1893
On Rent (ecn.bris.ac.uk) Economic Journal, vol. 3, 1893
On Rent (unimelb.edu.au) Economic Journal, vol. 3, 1893
Machinery and life (Marshall Papers, file n. 4 (formerly Red Box 1)) (cce.unifi.it) edited by Tiziano Raffaelli, Marshall Studies Bulletin 4 (1994)
A Note (Published anonymously in "Notes and News", Academy, Vol. 6 (November 21 1874), p. 558.) (cce.unifi.it) edited by John K. Whitaker, Marshall Studies Bulletin 4 (1994)
On Arnold Toynbee (cce.unifi.it) introduced and edited by John K. Whitaker, Marshall Studies Bulletin 6 (1996)
Notes Taken During Discussions at the Grote Club Meetings, February-November 1867 (cce.unifi.it) introduced and edited by Tiziano Raffaelli, Marshall Studies Bulletin 6 (1996)

Reference Resources
Adolf Wagner, "On Marshall's Principles of Economics" (socsci.mcmaster.ca) Quarterly Journal of Economics, volume 5, 1891, pp. 319-38.
Adolf Wagner, "On Marshall's Principles of Economics" (ecn.bris.ac.uk) Quarterly Journal of Economics, volume 5, 1891, pp. 319-38.
Adolf Wagner, "On Marshall's Principles of Economics" (unimelb.edu.au) Quarterly Journal of Economics, volume 5, 1891, pp. 319-38.
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Second Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (socsci.mcmaster.ca) Economic Journal, volume 1, 1891, pp. 611-17
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Second Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (ecn.bris.ac.uk) Economic Journal, volume 1, 1891, pp. 611-17
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Second Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (unimelb.edu.au) Economic Journal, volume 1, 1891, pp. 611-17
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Third Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (socsci.mcmaster.ca) The Economic Journal, volume 5, 1895, pp. 585-9.
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Third Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (ecn.bris.ac.uk) The Economic Journal, volume 5, 1895, pp. 585-9.
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Third Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (unimelb.edu.au) The Economic Journal, volume 5, 1895, pp. 585-9.
A. C. Pigou, Review of the Fifth Edition of Mashall's Principles of Economics (socsci.mcmaster.ca) The Economic Journal, volume 17, 1907, pp. 532-5
A. C. Pigou, Review of the Fifth Edition of Mashall's Principles of Economics (ecn.bris.ac.uk) The Economic Journal, volume 17, 1907, pp. 532-5
A. C. Pigou, Review of the Fifth Edition of Mashall's Principles of Economics (unimelb.edu.au) The Economic Journal, volume 17, 1907, pp. 532-5

Reference Site
MARSHALL Studies Bulletin on WWW (cce.unifi.it)

Other Image
Hall of Economists (wiso.uni-erlangen.de)


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