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Marshall, A (1842.7.26-1924.7.13)

 イギリスの経済学者。はじめ数学,物理学に,ついで神学,哲学に志し,更に経済学の研究に進んだ (1868頃)。アメリカを訪れ (75),同国の保護政策を研究。ブリストル・ユニバーシティ・カレッジ校長を経てケンブリッジ大学経済学教授 (85-1908)となる。新古典派経済学の創始者とみなされ,主著『経済学原理』The principles of economics, 1890; eighth ed. 1920は,イギリス,アメリカの大学では半世紀以上にもわたって教科書として用いられた。彼の学説の特長は数学を経済学に利用し,限界分析の方法や,経済理論の図解方法等で独創力を発揮した。また現実の経済の営みを重要視し,理論の上ではかなり折衷的であったこと,19世紀思想界の一つの流れであった進化の考え方を経済学にとりいれようとしたこと,価値の決定要因として効用と生産費とをはさみの両刃にたとえたこと,短期・中期・長期等の分析を区別したこと,一般均衡というよりは部分均衡の考え方を重要視したこと,森の樹木に譬えて「代表的企業」の概念を導入したこと等である。[主著]前記のほか:The pure theory of foreign trade and the pure theory of domestic values, 1879; Economics of industry, 1879; Industry and trade, 1919; Money, credit and commerce, 1923; J. M. Keynes (ed), Official papers by A. M., 1926; A. C. Pigou (ed), Memorials of A. M., 1925.(岩)


The Principles of Economics (1890), Book One - Preliminary Survey (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book One - Preliminary Survey (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book One - Preliminary Survey (unimelb.edu.au)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Two - Some Fundamental Notions (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Two - Some Fundamental Notions (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Two - Some Fundamental Notions (unimelb.edu.au)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Three - Of Wants and Their Satisfaction (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Three - Of Wants and Their Satisfaction (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Three - Of Wants and Their Satisfaction (unimelb.edu.au)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Five - General Relations of Demand, Supply and Value (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Five - General Relations of Demand, Supply and Value (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Principles of Economics (1890), Book Five - General Relations of Demand, Supply and Value (unimelb.edu.au)
On Rent (socsci.mcmaster.ca) Economic Journal, vol. 3, 1893
On Rent (ecn.bris.ac.uk) Economic Journal, vol. 3, 1893
On Rent (unimelb.edu.au) Economic Journal, vol. 3, 1893
Machinery and life (Marshall Papers, file n. 4 (formerly Red Box 1)) (cce.unifi.it) edited by Tiziano Raffaelli, Marshall Studies Bulletin 4 (1994)
A Note (Published anonymously in "Notes and News", Academy, Vol. 6 (November 21 1874), p. 558.) (cce.unifi.it) edited by John K. Whitaker, Marshall Studies Bulletin 4 (1994)
On Arnold Toynbee (cce.unifi.it) introduced and edited by John K. Whitaker, Marshall Studies Bulletin 6 (1996)
Notes Taken During Discussions at the Grote Club Meetings, February-November 1867 (cce.unifi.it) introduced and edited by Tiziano Raffaelli, Marshall Studies Bulletin 6 (1996)

Reference Resources
Adolf Wagner, "On Marshall's Principles of Economics" (socsci.mcmaster.ca) Quarterly Journal of Economics, volume 5, 1891, pp. 319-38.
Adolf Wagner, "On Marshall's Principles of Economics" (ecn.bris.ac.uk) Quarterly Journal of Economics, volume 5, 1891, pp. 319-38.
Adolf Wagner, "On Marshall's Principles of Economics" (unimelb.edu.au) Quarterly Journal of Economics, volume 5, 1891, pp. 319-38.
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Second Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (socsci.mcmaster.ca) Economic Journal, volume 1, 1891, pp. 611-17
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Second Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (ecn.bris.ac.uk) Economic Journal, volume 1, 1891, pp. 611-17
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Second Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (unimelb.edu.au) Economic Journal, volume 1, 1891, pp. 611-17
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Third Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (socsci.mcmaster.ca) The Economic Journal, volume 5, 1895, pp. 585-9.
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Third Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (ecn.bris.ac.uk) The Economic Journal, volume 5, 1895, pp. 585-9.
F. Y. Edgeworth, Review of the Third Edition of Marshall's Principles of Economics (unimelb.edu.au) The Economic Journal, volume 5, 1895, pp. 585-9.
A. C. Pigou, Review of the Fifth Edition of Mashall's Principles of Economics (socsci.mcmaster.ca) The Economic Journal, volume 17, 1907, pp. 532-5
A. C. Pigou, Review of the Fifth Edition of Mashall's Principles of Economics (ecn.bris.ac.uk) The Economic Journal, volume 17, 1907, pp. 532-5
A. C. Pigou, Review of the Fifth Edition of Mashall's Principles of Economics (unimelb.edu.au) The Economic Journal, volume 17, 1907, pp. 532-5

Reference Site
MARSHALL Studies Bulletin on WWW (cce.unifi.it)

Other Image
Hall of Economists (wiso.uni-erlangen.de)


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