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Mill, J. S (1806.5.20-1873.5.7)

 イギリスの哲学者,経済学者。幼時から父 (James Mill)の厳しい天才教育を受け,13歳の頃すでに父から経済学を教授された。17歳で東インド会社の社員となり,同会社が解散する (1858)まで在職した。主著『論理学体系』A system of logic, 1843および『経済学原理』Principles of political economy, 1848は,いずれも東インド会社在職中の著。晩年には一時 (65-68),下院議員となり,選挙権拡張等に力を尽くした。45歳の時,20年来交わりのあったテーラー夫人 (Harriet Taylor)が寡婦となったのを機会に結婚し,7年後に夫人が病死するまで,情操的には極めて大きな影響を受けたという。経済学においては,古典派の思想を体系化して完成し,また彼の後継者たちも彼の著書はかなり長期にわたって「最終の典拠」と考えていた。彼の著書には,独創性は殆んどなかったが,諸説を折衷した手際は明快であり,殊に生産の原理と分配の原理とを峻別し,前者を恒久的なもの,後者を人間社会の進化と共に変化しうるものと見なしたことは,特徴的である。一時,賃金基金説にくみしたこともあったが,のちにこれを批判した。晩年はフェビアン思想に近い社会改革の立場もとったが,基本的には資本主義擁護の学者であった。社会思想の面では,コールリッジやコントの影響を受け,ベンサム派の功利主義にはあきたらず,その批判も行ったが,ここでも折衷主義的色彩が強い。[主著]前記のほか:『経済学試論集』Essays on some unsettled questions of political economy, 1844; 『自由論』On liberty, 1859; Dissertations and discussions, political, philosophical and historical, 4 vols., 1859-75; Utilitarianism, 1863; The subjection of women, 1869; Autobiography, 1873.[文献]A. Bain, J. S. Mill, 1882; W. L. Courtney, Life of John Stuart Mill, 1889.(岩)


Autobiography (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Autobiography (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Autobiography (unimelb.edu.au)
On Liberty (wiretap.spies.com) Harvard Classics Volume 25
On Liberty (std.com) Harvard Classics Volume 25
On Liberty (vt.edu)
On Liberty (columbia.edu)
On Liberty (www.columbia.edu)
On Liberty (umd.edu)
On Liberty (notredame.ac.jp)
On Liberty (Univ. of Idaho)
On Liberty (virginia.edu) due to lisensing requirements
On Liberty (algonet.se)
On Liberty (ftp.std.com)
On Liberty (scf.usc.edu)
On Liberty (utm.edu)
On Liberty (humanum.arts.cuhk.hk)
On Liberty (fordham.edu)
Representative Government (vt.edu)
Representative Government (Univ. of Idaho)
Representative Government (cmu.edu) Everyman's Library
Representative Government (humanum.arts.cuhk.hk)
The Subjection of Women (apana.org.au) Everyman's Library
The Subjection of Women (wiretap.spies.com) Everyman's Library
The Subjection of Women (Univ. of Idaho)
The Subjection of Women (virginia.edu) due to lisensing requirements
The Subjection of Women (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
The Subjection of Women (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
The Subjection of Women (unimelb.edu.au)
The Subjection of Women (fordham.edu)
Utilitarianism (vt.edu)
Utilitarianism (Univ. of Idaho)
Utilitarianism (virginia.edu) due to lisensing requirements
Utilitarianism (humanum.arts.cuhk.hk)
Coleridge (virginia.edu) due to lisensing requirements
Principles of Political Economy with Some of their Applications to Social Philosophy (virginia.edu) due to lisensing requirements
Principles of Political Economy with Some of their Applications to Social Philosophy (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Principles of Political Economy with Some of their Applications to Social Philosophy (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Principles of Political Economy with Some of their Applications to Social Philosophy (unimelb.edu.au)
Dr. Whewell on Moral Philosophy (virginia.edu) due to lisensing requirements
On Nature (lancs.ac.uk) First published in 1904 as the first of three essays in the volume Nature, The Utility of Religion and Theism. Thanks to Vernon Pratt
Bentham (socsci.mcmaster.ca) London and Westminster Review, Aug. 1838, revised in 1859 in Dessertations and Discussion, vol. 1
Bentham (ecn.bris.ac.uk) London and Westminster Review, Aug. 1838, revised in 1859 in Dessertations and Discussion, vol. 1
Bentham (unimelb.edu.au) London and Westminster Review, Aug. 1838, revised in 1859 in Dessertations and Discussion, vol. 1
Thornton on Labour and its Claims (socsci.mcmaster.ca) "On Labour, its Wrongful Claims and Rightful Dues, its Actual Present and Possible Future" By William Thomas Thornton, Part I, Fortnightly Review, (May, 1869), pp. 505-18; Part II, (June, 1869), pp. 680-700. republished in Debates and Dissertation (1875), 25-85.
Thornton on Labour and its Claims (ecn.bris.ac.uk) "On Labour, its Wrongful Claims and Rightful Dues, its Actual Present and Possible Future" By William Thomas Thornton, Part I, Fortnightly Review, (May, 1869), pp. 505-18; Part II, (June, 1869), pp. 680-700. republished in Debates and Dissertation (1875), 25-85.
Thornton on Labour and its Claims (unimelb.edu.au) "On Labour, its Wrongful Claims and Rightful Dues, its Actual Present and Possible Future" By William Thomas Thornton, Part I, Fortnightly Review, (May, 1869), pp. 505-18; Part II, (June, 1869), pp. 680-700. republished in Debates and Dissertation (1875), 25-85.

Other Information
J. S. Mill--An Introduction (usrealestate.com) Thanks to Catherine Coleman
J. S. Mill Page (usrealestate.com)
Bibliography of works about J. S. Mill (Augustana.AB.CA)
Björn's Guide to Philosophy (knuten.liu.se) Thanks to Björn Christensseon
Principles of Political Economy, with some of their applications to Social Philosophy. By J. S. Mill. (socsci.mcmaster.ca) The Prospective Review, vol. IV, 16, 1848, pp.. 460-502
Principles of Political Economy, with some of their applications to Social Philosophy. By J. S. Mill. (ecn.bris.ac.uk) The Prospective Review, vol. IV, 16, 1848, pp.. 460-502
Principles of Political Economy, with some of their applications to Social Philosophy. By J. S. Mill. (unimelb.edu.au) The Prospective Review, vol. IV, 16, 1848, pp.. 460-502
Safe Haven (ultranet.com)

Other Images
Hall of Economists (wiso.uni-erlangen.de)
The Philosophy Department at Lancaster University, UK (lancs.ac.uk)
Portraits of Well-known Economists (econ.duke.edu) Duke University
Portraits of Famous Economists (bus.lsu.edu)


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