Photo by McMaster University, Canada
Owen, R (1771.5.14-1858.11.17)
Birthplace Newton, Wales.
Posts Held Cotton manufacturer.
Publications Books: 1. A New View of Society (1816, 1970); 2. Two Memorials on Behalf of the Working Classes (1818); 3. Lectures on an Entire New State of Society (1830).
Career Successful businessman and critic of industrialism who preached cooperative organisation. His New Lanark Mills in Scotland were organised as a model factory community. He developed this idea further to advocate villages in which collective working would be the basis for social regeneration. In 1824 he set up New Harmony, Indiana as a model community. On his return to Britain in 1829, he was drawn into workers' politics and promoted the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union in 1833 and 1834. This, like his other experiments, failed, but he soon came to be regarded as the father of the co-operative movement.
Secondary Literature A, Briggs, `Owen, Robert', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 11; A. L. Morton, The Life and Ideas of Robert Owen (Lawrence & Wishart, 1962); J. F. C. Harrison, Robert Owen and the Owenites in Britain (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969).
A New View of Society, Or, Essays on the Principle of the Formation of the Human Character, and the Application of the Principle to Practice (1813-16) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
A New View of Society, Or, Essays on the Principle of the Formation of the Human Character, and the Application of the Principle to Practice (1813-16) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
A New View of Society, Or, Essays on the Principle of the Formation of the Human Character, and the Application of the Principle to Practice (1813-16) (unimelb.edu.au)
THE SOCIETY FOR UTOPIAN STUDIES (utoronto.ca)
Chartism: The People's Petition, 1838 (fordham.edu)
New Lanark; World Heritage Village (clyde-valley.com)
Experience the Enchantment, HISTORIC NEW HARMONY, INDIANA (usi.edu)
Portraits of Well-known Economists (econ.duke.edu)
The Restoration Movement Pages (mun.ca)
Portraits of Famous Economists (bus.lsu.edu)
FRANCES TROLLOPE ON THE CAMPBELL-OWEN DEBATE (mun.ca) From: Frances Trollope, DOMESTIC MANNERS OF THE AMERICANS, reprint of the 1st edition
(London: Richard Bentley, 1839); cf. the edition by Donald Smalley (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1949), 147-53. The reproduction of Ms. Trollope's drawing of the debate comes from the 5th edition, 1839. Memorial University of Newfoundland
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