Photo by Miyazaki International College, Japan
Proudhon, P. J (1809.1.15-1865.1.16)
Birthplace Besançon, France.
Posts Held Printer and political writer.
Publications Books: 1. What is Property? (1840, 1966); 2. Du principe federatif (1863); 3. De la capacité politique des classes ouvrières (1865); 4. Oeuvres compleétes , 20 vols (1923-50).
Career Socialist writer whose doctrine `property is theft' is self-explanatory. He believed that the current forms of the State had to be replaced by a mutualist organisation of the economy which included free credit and the exchange of services; society would then become a federation of territorial and occupational groups. One of Marx's earliest publications, The Poverty of Philosophy (1847), is a polemic against Proudhon.
Secondary Literature M. Prelot, `Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 12; E. Hyams, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon: His Revolutionary Life, Mind and Works (Taplinger, 1975).


System of Economical Contradictions: or, the Philosophy of Mesery (virginia.edu)
System of Economical Contradictions: or, the Philosophy of Mesery (yasuda-u.ac.jp)
System of Economical Contradictions: or, the Philosophy of Mesery (humanum.arts.cuhk.hk) zip file
System of Economical Contradictions: or, the Philosophy of Mesery (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
System of Economical Contradictions: or, the Philosophy of Mesery (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
System of Economical Contradictions: or, the Philosophy of Mesery (unimelb.edu.au)
What is Property? An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government (virginia.edu)

French Texts
Jé et les origines du christianisme (gallica.bnf.fr) (Paris: G. Havard, 1896)
Les Évangiles (gallica.bnf.fr) (Paris: A. Lacroix, 1866)
Qu'est-ce que la propriété? (gallica.bnf.fr) (nouv. éd. publ. avec des notes et des documents inédits sours la dir. de C. Bouglé et H. Moysset. Paris: INALF, 1961- . Reprod. de l'éd. de Paris: [M. Rive&eegrave;re], 1926])
Système des contradictions économiques ou philosophie de la misère. 1 (gallica.bnf.fr) (Paris: INALF, 1961-. Reprod. de l'éd. de Paris: Librairie internationale, 1872)
Système des contradictions économiques ou philosophie de la misère. 2 (gallica.bnf.fr) (Paris: INALF, 1961-. Reprod. de l'éd. de Paris: Librairie internationale, 1872)

More Information
Anarchy Archives (miyazaki-mic.ac.jp)
Some Quotations (umich.edu)
Proudhon Bibliography (umich.edu)
Proudhon Bibliography (cwi.nl)

Other Images
Portraits of Well-known Economists (econ.duke.edu)
Portraits of Famous Economists (bus.lsu.edu)


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