Rousseau, J-J (1712.6.28-1778.7.2)
Rousseau, Jean Jacques, 1712-78, Swiss-French philosopher and political theorist; b. Geneva. A member of DIDEROT's circle, he was one of the great figures of the French enlightenment and probably the most significant of those who shaped 19th-cent. ROMANTICISM, influencing such figures as Kant, GOETHE, ROBESPIERRE, TOLSTOY, and the French revolutionists. Rousseau's most celebrated theory was that of the "natural man." In his Discourse on the Inequalities of Men (1754) and Social Contract (1762) he maintained that human beings were essentially good and equal in the state of nature but were corrupted by the introduction of property, agriculture, science, and commerce. People entered into a social contract among themselves, establishing governments and educational systems to correct the inequalities brought about by the rise of civilization. Émile (1762), a didactic novel, expounds Rousseau's theory that education is not the imparting of knowledge but the drawing out of what is already in the child. From the 1760s Rousseau was tormented by persecution mania, and he lived his later years in seclusion. His Confessions (1781) created a new, intensely personal style of autobiography. (From the Concise Columbia Encyclopedia. Copyright © 1991 by Columbia University Press.) ILTweb (ilt.columbia.edu)


The Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (vt.edu)
The Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Univ. of Idaho)
The Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (cmu.edu)
The Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (humanum.arts.cuhk.hk) translated by W. Conyngham Mallory
Les rêveries du promeneur solitaire (cedric.cnam.fr)
Discours sur les Sciences et les Arts (unige.ch)
Discours sur les l'Origine et les Fondements de l'Inégalité parmi les Hommes (unige.ch)
Du Contrat social ou Prindipes du Droit politique (unige.ch)
Discours sur L'&Eeacute;conomie Politique (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Discours sur L'&Eeacute;conomie Politique (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Discours sur L'&Eeacute;conomie Politique (unimelb.edu.au)
Économie Politique (1755) (univ-paris1.fr)

More Information
ARTFL Project (uchicago.edu)
Rousseau's Page (usrealestate.com)


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