Seligman, E. R. A (1861.4.25-1939.7.18)
Birthplace New York City, NY, USA.
Posts Held Lect., Prof., Columbia Univ., 1885-1931.
Degrees BA, MA, LLB, PhD Columbia Univ., 1879, 1884, 1885.
Offices and Honours Founder, Pres., American Economic Association, 1902-4; Founder, Pres., American Association of University Professors, 1919-1920; Chief Ed., Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences, E. R. A. Seligman and A. J. Johnson (eds) (Macmillan, 1930-5, 15 vols), 1927-35.
Publications Books:1.The Shifting and Incidence of Taxation (1892, 1927); 2. Progressive Taxation in Theory and Practice (1894, 1908); 3. Essays in Taxation, (1895, 1928); 4. The Economic Interpretation of History, (1902, 1934, 1961); 5. Principles of Economics, (1905, 1929); 6. The Income Tax: A Study of the History, Theory and Practice of Income Taxation at Home and Abroad, (1911, 1914); 7. Studies in Public Finance, (1925); 8. Essays in Economics (1925).
Career Expert on public finance, member of innumerable tax commissions, and a key figure in the professionalisation of American economics. His work on income tax concentrated on the equity case for a progressive income tax in terms of ability to pay, but he also explored the incidence of taxation and the effects of taxes on production. Also wrote on general economics, where the influence of his earlier German studies is revealed by his high estimation of the value of historical studies. His interest in the history of economic thought was reflected in his remarkable personal library which he bequeathed to Columbia University.
Secondary Literature C. S. Shoup, `Seligman Edwin R. A.', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 14.
The Economic Interpretation of History (socsci.mcmaster.ca) Political Science Quarterly, 1901-2, volume 16, pp. 612-640; volume 17, pp. 71-98, 284-312
The Economic Interpretation of History (ecn.bris.ac.uk) Political Science Quarterly, 1901-2, volume 16, pp. 612-640; volume 17, pp. 71-98, 284-312
The Economic Interpretation of History (unimelb.edu.au) Political Science Quarterly, 1901-2, volume 16, pp. 612-640; volume 17, pp. 71-98, 284-312
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