Toynbee, A (1852.8.23-83.3.9)
Birthplace London, England.
Posts Held Lect., Tuturial Fellow, Balliol Coll. Oxford, 1878-83.
Degrees BA Univ. Oxford, 1878.
Publications Books: 1. Lectures on the Industrial Revolution (1884, 1956).
Career Coined the phrase `industrial revolution' and introduced the concept of a single, decisive transformation of the British economy in the third quarter the eighteenth century. He turned to economics because of its relevance to social reform, and rejected the deductive in favour of the historical method. He argued that economic policies were appropriate or not, according to historical circustances, and therefore rejected laissez faire in favourof a kind of municipal socialism for his own time. He is remembered for his inspiring teaching which influenced many Oxford contemporaries to accept a socially-committed version of economics.
Secondary Literature A. Milner, Arnold Toynbee (1901); R. Lecachman, `Toynbee, Arnold', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 16.


Lectures on The Industrial Revolution of the Eighteenth Century in England (1884) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Lectures on The Industrial Revolution of the Eighteenth Century in England (1884) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Lectures on The Industrial Revolution of the Eighteenth Century in England (1884) (unimelb.edu.au)


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