Photo by Duke University
Turgot, A. R. J (1727.5.10-81.3.20)

Birthplace Paris, France.
Posts Held Intendant, Limoges, 1761-74; Contrôleur général of France, 1774-6.
Publications Books: 1. Reflections on the Formation and the Distribution of Wealth (1769-70, 1973); 2. Oeuvres de Turgot et documents le condernant , ed. G. Shelle, 5 vols (1913-23).
Career Reforming administrator and minister whose efforts were cut short by the resistance of the privileged classes. His attempts to rationalise the tax burdens and obligations of French society were justified in theoretical terms of physiocratic variety. His Reflections ... is frequently described as one of the most important general treatises on political economy written before Smith's Wealth of Nations and there is little doubt that it was a major influence on Adam Smith. His other economic writings have only recently become available in English.
Secondary Literature W. Stark, `Turgot, Anne Robert Jacques', International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , D. L. Sills (ed.) (Macmillan and Free Press, 1968), vol. 16; R. L. Meek, Turgot on Progress, Sociology and Economics (CUP, 1973); P. D. Groenewegen, The Economics of A. R. J. Turgot (Martinus Nijihoff, 1977).


Reflections on the Formation and Distribution of Wealth (1774-6) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Reflections on the Formation and Distribution of Wealth (1774-6) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Reflections on the Formation and Distribution of Wealth (1774-6) (unimelb.edu.au)
Valeurs et Monnaires (1769) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Valeurs et Monnaires (1769) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Valeurs et Monnaires (1769) (melbecon.unimelb.edu.au)
Reflexions Sur La Formation et la Distribution des Richesses (1766) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Reflexions Sur La Formation et la Distribution des Richesses (1766) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Reflexions Sur La Formation et la Distribution des Richesses (1766) (unimelb.edu.au)
Reflexions Sur La Formation et la Distribution des Richesses (1766) improved version with supplementary materials, provided by Paulette Taieb (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Reflexions Sur La Formation et la Distribution des Richesses (1766) improved version with supplementary materials, provided by Paulette Taieb (univ-paris1.fr)
Lettre sur le Papier-Monnaie (1749) (socsci.mcmaster.ca)
Lettre sur le Papier-Monnaie (1749) (ecn.bris.ac.uk)
Lettre sur le Papier-Monnaie (1749) (melbecon.unimelb.edu.au)


Go back to Akamac E-text Links